A Five Year Audit of Cases Admitted in Maxillofacial Surgery Wards in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital

Authors

  • Kevin U. OMEJE Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Bayero University, Kano and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria,
  • Benjamin I. AKHIWU Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Jos, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau, Nigeria
  • Rowland C. AGBARA Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, University of Jos, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Plateau, Nigeria
  • Akinwale A. EFUNKOYA Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Bayero University, Kano and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria
  • Olushola I. AMOLE Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Bayero University, Kano and Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano, Nigeria

Keywords:

Maxillofacial surgery, admission audit

Abstract

Objective: Admissions of Maxillofacial surgery patient's are on the rise. However, search of English literature
shows that there has not been any audit on pattern of maxillofacial admission done in any Nigerian hospital.
The objective of the study was to review the indications and pattern of maxillofacial surgery admission in a
Nigerian Teaching hospital over a 5-year period.
Methods: A retrospective review of the pattern of maxillofacial admissions in a Teaching Hospital in North-
West Nigeria from January 2011 to December 2015. Sources of information included maxillofacial ward
admission records; patients' case files, accident and emergency records and patients discharge registers.
Results: One thousand one hundred and thirty (1,130) patients were admitted into the maxillofacial ward
during the study period with an overall gender ratio of 1:1.25. 260 patients were admitted as emergencies
while 870 patients were admitted on elective basis. Review of treatment given showed that reduction and
immobilization/ arthroplasties had the highest frequency (29.38%) while sequestrectomies had the lowest
frequency of 0.80%.
Conclusion: A progressive increase in the number of admission of patients into maxillofacial surgery wards
shows that there is need for advocacy to improve the practice of the specialty in this region in terms of
resources allocation and manpower development.

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Published

2018-06-01

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