Pattern of maxillofacial fractures at Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe, North East Nigeria.

Pattern of maxillofacial fractures at Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe, North East Nigeria.

Authors

  • Babatunde Oludare Fakuade Dental/Maxillofacial Department, Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe
  • Enoch Abiodun Idowu Faculty of Dental Sciences, University of Jos, Nigeria.
  • Ochuko Bright Akpobi Dental/Maxillofacial Department, Federal Teaching Hospital Gombe

Keywords:

Maxillofacial, fractures, North east, Nigeria

Abstract

Objective:  In the North Eastern region of Nigeria, there has been an increase in the scourge of insurgency related violence especially in the rural and sub-urban areas with consequent rise in urban migration. It is not yet known how this may have affected the pattern of maxillofacial fractures. The objective of the study was to describe the socio-demographics of patients with maxillofacial fractures and to determine the various causes and type of maxillofacial fractures observed in North Eastern zone of Nigeria.

 

Methods: A four (4) year retrospective review of maxillofacial fractures at the Federal Teaching Hospital, Gombe spanning 2014 -2018 was conducted. Information such as   age, sex, occupation, causes and types of fractures are retrieved from the case files and data gathered analyzed using SPSS version 21.0.

 

 Results: In the period under review, 324 (7.6%) patients had trauma of which 66 (20.4%) sustained maxillofacial fractures. These consisted of 61 (92.4%) males and 5 (7.6%) females; giving a male to female ratio of 12.2: 1. The overall age range was 15 – 54 years while the peak age range was 21 – 30 years. The most common cause and type of injury were automobile crashes (43.9%) and mandibular fractures (57.6%) respectively.

 

 Conclusion: Despite the rise in insurgency related violence in North Eastern Nigeria, the pattern of facial fractures is similar to observations from other geopolitical zones and the global literature.

         

Published

2020-06-01