Pattern of Oral and Maxillofacial Injuries Seen During An Insurgency In A Developing Country


  • Benjamin FOMETE Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Ahmadu Bello University Teaching Hospital, Zaria Nigeria
  • Ezekiel Taiwo ADEBAYO Army Dental Centre, military Hospital, Bonny Camp, Lagos Nigeria
  • Otasowie Daniel OSUNDE Dental and Maxillofacial Department, University of Calabar Teaching Hospital, Calabar Nigeria.
  • Uchenna Kelvin OMEJE Dental and Maxillofacial Department, Aminu Kano Teaching Hospital, Kano Nigeria
  • Ekundayo Steven GARBA Surgery Department, University of Abuja Teaching Hospital, Abuja Nigeria.
  • Joseph Tunji AMUDA 44 Nigeria Army Reference Hospital, Kaduna Nigeria.
  • Rowland AGBARA Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery Department, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos Nigeria.
  • Olugbemi Benedict AKINTUBOBO Dental and Maxillofacial Department, Federal teaching Hospital Gombe, Gombe Nigeria


Insurgency, maxillofacial injury, blast


Objective: Insurgents use terrorism as a tactic to push government to accede their demands Reports on the
injuries inflicted by Boko Haram insurgency are not many. One from Maiduguri found out that over 90% of
those affected are male. The objective of this study was to analyze the pattern of oral and maxillofacial
injuries encountered during the BH insurgency in the Nigerian North Western states of Kano and Kaduna
Methods: A retrospective study covering patients brought from terrorist and other attacks by BH in the
North Western Nigerian States of Kaduna and Kano seen at 3 tertiary care centres from 2010 to 2015 was
Results: A total of 56 cases were seen in study and the ratio of 17.7:1. The mean age in years and standard
deviation (SD) were 31.3 (9.70) years. The third decade was where most of the victims (37.5%) were found.
Over 90% of the victims were brought to the accident and emergency center within 1-3 hours of sustaining
Conclusion: The management of victims of insurgency in the Northwest Nigeria has been a challenge in the
sense for lack of facilities and manpower




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