Evaluation of Periodontal Parameters around Osseointegrated Dental Implants in Benin City, Nigeria
Keywords:Dental implants, periodontal parameters, success
Objective: Peri-implant diseases which include mucositis and peri-implantitis may occur when implants are
placed. A proper assessment of the periodontal parameters of dental implants and a good understanding of
the hard and soft tissues surrounding dental implants are paramount to enhance long term success rates. The
objective of this study was to evaluate the periodontal parameters around osseointegrated Dental implants
in Benin City, Nigeria.
Methods: Clinical and radiologic evaluation of all patients who had osseointegrated dental implants placed
either in the anterior or posterior region were done over time (2012-2014). The periodontal parameters
include marginal bone level, probing depth, suppuration, radiographic bone loss and implant mobility.
Statistical significance between frequencies, gender differences was evaluated with the chi-square test.
Significant values of P<0.05 were applied.
Results: A total number of 47 implants were placed with a success rate of 93.6% over a 3-year period and a
failure rate of 6.4%. Anterior implants were placed in 21 (44.7%) and posterior in 26 (55.3%). Bone level for
anterior implants recorded an average marginal bone loss of less than 0.5mm and an insignificant level for
the posterior region. Probing depth at 3 months post op showed an average minimal depth of 0.5mm.
Suppuration was seen in 6.4% and radiographic bone loss visible in 12.8% at 3 months. There was however
no significant difference in pre and post-op values bleeding on probing and radiographic bone loss. Implant
mobility was observed in 25.5% at 3 months post-op, 6.4% at 6 months and reduced to 0% at 3 years.
Conclusion: Periodontal outcomes of the studied osseointegrated dental implants were favourable,
indicating better stability and a high success rate over a period of 3 years.
Keywords: Dental implants, periodontal parameters, success