Relationship Between Oral Hygiene Status and Oral Health Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Among 12 Year Old School Children in Benin City


  • Lawrence O. IGBINOSA Department of Oral Diagnosis and Radiology, University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City
  • Sunny A. OKEIGBEMEN Department of Preventive Dentistry, University of Benin, Benin City


oral hygiene, oral health, Benin City


Objective It has been shown that good knowledge, right practices and positive attitudes towards oral health
are keys to minimizing the incidence of dental diseases and improving the standard of oral hygiene and
dental health in general The objective of the study was to determine the relationship between oral hygiene
status and oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices among 12-years old school children in Benin City.
Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional survey involving a sample of 704 12-year old school children drawn
from three Local Government Area in Benin City, selected through a multistage technique. Data on oral
knowledge, attitudes and practices were collected using a well-structured, interviewer-administered while
Simplified Hygiene index was used to assess their oral hygiene status.
Results: About two-thirds (62.1%) of the participants had good oral hygiene status. The female participants
had better oral hygiene compared to the male participants and this difference was statistically significant.
About 96% of the participants had fair to good knowledge of oral health. Majority of the participants (90.3%),
had positive attitudes towards oral health; the oral health practice of 27.6% of the participants was good,
while most of them (47.9%) exhibited fair oral health practice with the remaining 24.6% having poor oral
health practice
Conclusion: This study revealed that participants had good oral health knowledge, practices and with
positive attitudes towards oral health had better oral hygiene status. Results of the study indicated theses
children oral health knowledge, attitudes and practices need to be improved.