Knowledge, Attitude and Practices of Health Care Workers towards NOMA in a Tertiary Institution in North-western Nigeria

Knowledge, Attitude and Practices towards NOMA

Authors

  • Bala MUJTABA
  • Chukwuma Benedict CHIMEZIE
  • Ramat Oyebunmi BRAIMAH
  • Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju TAIWO
  • Ibikunle Aremu ADEBAYO
  • Godwin Ugochukwu NDUBUIZU
  • Bruno ILE-OGEDENGBE
  • Rufai JAAFARU
  • Abubakar Muhammad KAURA
  • Abubakar Sadeeq FAWA
  • Yekini ALANI

Keywords:

Noma, knowledge, attitude, Practice

Abstract

Background: NOMA is a potentially life-threatening necrotizing condition characterized by the destruction of oral and perioral tissues. NOMA is fatal in 90% of cases but the rate is reduced to about 8% with early recognition and treatment.

Objective: To evaluate the knowledge, attitude, and practices of health workers towards Noma in a tertiary teaching hospital in north-western Nigeria.

Methods: This was a cross-sectional study carried out among health care personnel using a self-administered questionnaire between October 2019 and February 2020. The questionnaire consisted of 20 questions covering the domains of knowledge and, attitude/practices. The total score for each domain was obtained and then categorized as low (less than or equal to 50%), fair (51 to 69%), and good (70% and above).

Results: A total of 156 respondents filled and returned the questionnaires. Male respondents constituted 103(66%) as against 53(34%) Female respondents. The age range of respondents was 19 –54 years with a mean±SD of 32.8±6.6 years. Out of 156 respondents, 123(78.8%) were aware of Noma. The total score recorded in both the knowledge and attitude/practice domains were 72.5% and 47.5% respectively.

Conclusion: The awareness of Noma among the study population was good. Those that were aware of the disease have good knowledge of it, however, the attitude and practices were low. Therefore, there is a need for continuous medical education among health care workers.

Author Biographies

Bala MUJTABA

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Chukwuma Benedict CHIMEZIE

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Ramat Oyebunmi BRAIMAH

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Abdurrazaq Olanrewaju TAIWO

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Ibikunle Aremu ADEBAYO

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Godwin Ugochukwu NDUBUIZU

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Bruno ILE-OGEDENGBE

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Rufai JAAFARU

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Abubakar Muhammad KAURA

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Abubakar Sadeeq FAWA

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

Yekini ALANI

Department of Dental and Maxillofacial Surgery, Usmanu Danfodiyo University Teaching Hospital, PMB 2370, Sokoto, Nigeria

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Published

2022-08-14

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